Epiretinal membrane is the formation of scar tissue on the macula, which is located at centre of the retina and is responsible for clarity of vision. Epiretinal membrane is usually associated with ageing, but can also be caused by diabetic retinopathy.
Epiretinal membrane occurs when the vitreous, a gel-like substance that fills most of the eye, shrinks and withdraws from the retinal surface. This is a normal part of ageing, but sometimes when the vitreous pulls away it causes microscopic damage to the surface of the retina, leading to the formation of scar tissue which causes blurring and distortion of central vision.
In many cases, epiretinal membrane requires no treatment, but in cases where it impairs vision vitrectomy surgery may be necessary. Vitrectomy surgery for epiretinal membrane involves removing the scar tissue, together with the vitreous to prevent it from pulling on the retina, and replacing the vitreous with an artificial solution. Postoperative posturing is not required following vitrectomy for epiretinal membrane.
Coastal Eye Centre offers the highest standard of expertise in the treatment of epiretinal membrane.